Britain, France, and Germany on Friday called for a UN investigation into allegations that Russia violated UN Security Council resolutions by using Iranian-originating drones to attack Ukraine.
In a letter signed by a UN special envoy and seen by Reuters on Monday, the three said the use of drones violated UN Security Council Resolution 2231 (UNSCR) and approved a nuclear deal with the UN.
Argued and supported Ukraine’s request for such an investigation. Separately, US Secretary of State Anthony Brinken said that Washington still believes diplomacy is the best way to contain Tehran’s nuclear program because Iran’s “foreign countries” are causing problems, but in 2015.
At a press conference with French Foreign Minister Catherine Colonna, he said, “With or without an agreement, we will have to deal with Iran’s activities and aggression.” We will continue to take all necessary measures.”
Ukraine says Russia has deployed her Shahed-136 attack drone, made in Iran, that flies toward a target and explodes on impact.
Tehran denies supplying drones to Moscow, Washington’s claims are false, and Russia denies that its own forces used Iranian drones to attack Ukraine.
It was not clear what effect such an investigation would have on permanent members of the Security Council, Iran, and Russia.
UN Secretary-General António Guterres reports to the Council twice a year (traditionally in June and December) on the implementation of the 2015 resolution.
Another possibility is that the participants in the 2015 nuclear deal that Iran signed with the UK, China, France, Germany, Russia, and the United States may seek to “unwind” sanctions against Tehran. There is the possibility of using the United Nations mechanism.
Invoking a “snapback” whereby Iran curbs its nuclear program in exchange for the lifting of economic sanctions requires a complaint to the Council of Iran’s violations.
The Council will then be given 30 days to vote on the continued lifting of sanctions on Iran. Failure to do so in time will automatically reinstate all UN sanctions in place prior to the nuclear deal.
Iran hereby suspends all activities related to nuclear enrichment and reprocessing, including research and development, and bans the importation of anything that may contribute to these activities and the development of nuclear weapons delivery systems.
We will also reinstate the conventional arms embargo, ban Iran from developing ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons, and reinstate targeted sanctions against dozens of individuals and entities. Countries will also be required to inspect shipments to and from Iran and will be empowered to seize prohibited shipments.