Protests in Iran over the death of Martha Amini in police custody mark the latest chapter in the long history of public demonstrations that have rocked the Islamic Republic since 1999.
All were met with a brutal regime crackdown that left many dead and injured and thousands of political prisoners imprisoned.
For example, the student took part in widespread and violent protests in July 1999 and returned to the streets four years later to demand justice for those killed or injured in previous demonstrations.
Mahmoud’s Ahmadinejad election in 2009 caused turmoil that lasted until 2010, the following year and he erupted again in 2012. Most recently, from 2017 to 2021, a series of political campaigns, civil disobedience, online activism, and demonstrations continued.
But ongoing protests over the September 16 death of Amini, who was arrested three days ago for failing to follow strict hat rules, have led to “uprisings of young people, very young people, teenagers, and young women.” ”, so it represents a breakthrough moment. Irene Khan, UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and the Promotion and Protection of the Right to Freedom of Expression, said: As a result, Iranian authorities may now face a different situation than in the past.
In her reports, including the latest one submitted to the General Assembly this month, Ms. Khan consistently highlights the ways in which women’s right to freedom of expression is being suppressed by culture, custom, or politics. increase.
Another difference from the current protests, Khan said, is the increasing access to ever more powerful digital technology. Some of her platforms online, for example, are making efforts to make the information as easy as possible for Ukrainian civilians to access and use, and Khan says that technology is used to protect human rights. I recommended the General Assembly take a similar approach.